The Information Technology (IT) industry is a very vast industry ranging from the biggest of things to the smallest of things. IT is considered to be a subset of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). IT comprises of;

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

You might be wondering what Artificial Intelligence is all about. Artificial Intelligence also known as machine intelligence is intelligence demonstrated by machines unlike the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals.

AI works by combining large amounts of data with series of instructions or algorithms that allow the software to learn from patterns and features of the data in order to predict.Artificial intelligence (AI) makes it possible for machines to learn from experience, adjust to new inputs and perform human-like tasks. Most AI examples that you hear about today – from chess-playing computers to self-driving cars. 

Search engines like Google use AI to determine the most appropriate results for a search. Various types of online ads use AI to determine who should see a specific ad, based on past behavior, interests and search queries. Chatbots used in online messengers uses AI for immediate assistance to people. Sites like uses such chatbots.

Internet of Things

Internet of things or IoT refers to the numerous physical devices around the globe that are connected to the internet, all connecting and sharing data. Examples of things that fall into the scope of Internet of Things include thermostats, connected security cameras, electronic appliances et cetera. Through IoT our appliances are able to do our bidding for us. From the lights that come on when you walk through the house to some unseen computing device that responds to your voice commands to read your schedule and messages to you while you get ready, then turns on the TV news. All these are application of IoT

Data Science

Data science can be defined as a blend of mathematics, business acumen, tools, algorithms and machine learning techniques, all of which help us in finding out the hidden insights or patterns from unprocessed data which can be of major use in the formation of big business decisions. Data science is applicable in the following areas:

• Risk and fraud detection.

• Internet Search

• Health Care

• Speech Recognition

• Gaming et cetera.

Software Engineering

Software engineering is the systematic application of engineering approaches to the development of software. This simply is about creation of softwares. Examples of softwares Facebook app, WhatsApp, Microsoft, Unity, Ubuntu, Google Chrome et cetera. All these examples are products of software engineering.

Digital Marketing( E-commerce)

Digital marketing is the component of marketing that utilizes internet and online based digital technologies such as desktop computers, mobile phones and other digital media and platforms to promote products and services. Examples of Digital Marketing are:

• Search Engine Optimisation (SEO)

• Search Engine Marketing (SEM)

• Email Marketing

• Digital Marketing

• Social Media Marketing (SMM)

Job Opportunities In The Field Of Information Technology (IT)

Just like how IT is broad it’s job opportunities are more vast. These are some of the job opportunities in IT:

• Cyber Security Consultant

• Cloud Architect

• Health IT Specialist

• Software Engineer

• Web Developer

• Data Analyst

• Computer Forensic Investigator

• Ethical Hacker

• Mobile Application Developer et cetera.

With all these highly paid job opportunities. What more prove you need to tell you that IT is the future?

I therefore urge you to get yourself involve in IT.

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